Read e-book online Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, PDF

By Esa Itkonen

ISBN-10: 9027223661

ISBN-13: 9789027223661

ISBN-10: 9027294011

ISBN-13: 9789027294012

Show description

Read Online or Download Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology and Philosophy of Science (Human Cognitive Processing, Volume 14) PDF

Best psychology books

Download PDF by Lourie W. Reichenberg, Linda Seligman: Selecting Effective Treatments: A Comprehensive Systematic

A scientific, research-based method of the prognosis and therapy of the main psychological disorders—updated to mirror the alterations within the DSM-5

This completely revised and up-to-date version of Linda Seligman's vintage booklet, picking potent remedies combines the newest study on evidence-based practices with functional, how-to details on implementation. choked with a number of illustrative case experiences and necessary examples, this Fourth version positive factors accelerated insurance of:

Provides a bridge among the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 as psychological wellbeing and fitness practitioners transition among the two
Helps psychological overall healthiness practitioners clarify their collection of therapy method of their consumers, to their supervisors and associates, and to MCOs
Covers the adjustments in standards within the DSM-5
Discusses trauma and its impression around the lifespan, suicide evaluate and prevention, and new therapy techniques, together with mindfulness
Offers insights into youth issues, together with autism spectrum problems, bipolar ailment, ADHD, and attachment disorder
Guides pros within the analysis and therapy of melancholy, borderline character affliction, the schizophrenia spectrum problems, and the bipolar disorders

With a brand new dialogue of remedy techniques for twin prognosis, identifying potent remedies, Fourth version offers a pathway for remedy of psychological problems in response to the newest evidence-based study, whereas even as spotting that the analysis and therapy of psychological problems are a part of a dynamic and evolving box that embraces individuality and personalization.

Download e-book for iPad: Suspicious Minds: Why We Believe Conspiracy Theories by Rob Brotherton

We're all conspiracy theorists. a few of us simply disguise it higher than others.

Conspiracy theorists don't put on tin-foil hats (for the main part). they aren't quite a few kooks lurking at the paranoid fringes of society with extraordinary rules approximately shape-shifting reptilian extraterrestrial beings working society in mystery. They stroll between us. they're us.

Everyone loves an outstanding conspiracy. but conspiracy theories should not a contemporary invention. and they're no longer continually a risk free interest. In Suspicious Minds, Rob Brotherton explores the background and results of conspiracism, and delves into the examine that provides insights into why such a lot of folks are interested in fantastic, unproven and unproveable conspiracy theories. They resonate with a few of our brain's integrated quirks and foibles, and faucet into a few of our inner most wants, fears, and assumptions concerning the world.

The attention-grabbing and sometimes spectacular psychology of conspiracy theories tells us much – not only why we're interested in theories approximately sinister schemes, yet approximately how our minds are stressed and, certainly, why we think something in any respect. Conspiracy theories will not be a few mental aberration – they're a predictable made of how brains paintings. This ebook will inform you why, and what it means.

Of path, simply because your brain's biased doesn't consistently suggest you're flawed. occasionally conspiracies are actual. occasionally, paranoia is prudent.

Download e-book for iPad: Psychology for Nurses and the Caring Professions 2nd Edition by Jan Walker, Sheila Payne, Nikki Jarrett, Paula Smith

This ebook goals to introduce scholars and practitioners to mental wisdom and figuring out and is helping them to use sound mental ideas in medical contexts. The authors are all well-being psychologists with backgrounds in nursing who've drawn upon their medical, educating and learn pursuits to notify the content material and interact scholars’ curiosity.

Extra info for Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology and Philosophy of Science (Human Cognitive Processing, Volume 14)

Example text

The invention of deontic logic and the invention of many-valued logic illustrate two distinct uses of analogy (of Type 3). Deontic logic was invented literally on the analogy of modal logic: first there was the system A, and then a system B, analogous to A, was invented. The case of many-valued logic is different: first there was two-valued logic, and then it was realized that it is really just a special instance of a more general notion, namely many-valued logic. As noted above, this generalization was achieved by replacing the two discrete numbers 1 and 0 by analogous, but more general designations ‘higher number’ and ‘lower number’.

20), is indeed practically worthless (or ‘ambivalent’, to put it more leniently). 19]” (op. : 53). There is one important respect in which the preceding account of abduction remains incomplete. The ‘circle’ of abduction (cf. 17) is more complicated than has been indicated so far. 19), it is interpreted in one way. 31 (1791-1839) Chapter 1. The concept of analogy way. In general, this aspect of abduction has not been duly acknowledged. e. predicate logic or just capital letters like ‘T’ vs. ‘O’) are inadequate to express this kind of change in interpretation.

An analogy is a mapping of knowledge from one domain (the base) into another (the target), which conveys that a system of relations that holds among the base objects also holds among the target objects. (Gentner 1989: 201) It should be added that in the case of ‘symmetrical’ analogy (like our bird vs. fish example) the mapping may go on in both directions simultaneously (cf. 12), which means that in this case a fixed ‘base vs. target’ distinction can no longer be maintained. In the sequel Gentner (1989) offers the following example.

Download PDF sample

Analogy as Structure and Process: Approaches in Linguistics, Cognitive Psychology and Philosophy of Science (Human Cognitive Processing, Volume 14) by Esa Itkonen

by Kenneth

Rated 4.44 of 5 – based on 21 votes