By Kurt Larsen
This ebook examines how agricultural innovation arises in 4 African nations Ghana, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda throughout the lens of agribusiness, public regulations, and particular price chains for nutrition staples, excessive worth items, and farm animals. Determinants of innovation usually are not seen separately yet in the context of a posh agricultural innovation procedure related to many actors and interactions. the quantity is predicated on qualitative interviews with agribusiness representatives that have been designed to make clear their studies on public guidelines that both complements or impedes innovation in Africa s agriculture region. Following are the volume's major messages on rules, associations and methods that nurture innovation within the agriculture quarter: 1) agribusiness innovation is in lots of instances pushed by way of the necessity to continue grades and criteria in the price chain, not just relating to export markets, but additionally in evolving household and concrete markets and price chains; 2) that staple nutrients region has capability to be a resource of development, innovation and poverty relief; three) successes in worth chain innovation and agribusiness construction count significantly at the constitution of the total agricultural innovation approach and are hugely context particular; four) particularly profitable innovation have been depending on developing synergies among market-based and knowledge-based interactions and robust linkages inside of and past the worth chain; and five) the general public region s innovation aid has to increase to interactions, collective motion and broader public-private partnership courses. This e-book should be of curiosity to policymakers, agribusiness leaders, farmer firms, NGOs, and researchers.
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Extra resources for Agribusiness and Innovation Systems in Africa
Success stories where synergies could be created by combining market-based and knowledge-based interactions and strong links within and beyond the value chain point to an innovation strategy that has to be 12 AGRIBUSINESS AND INNOVATION SYSTEMS IN AFRICA holistic in nature and focus, in particular, on strengthening the interactions between key public, private, and civil society actors. Scaling up of collective action and agribusiness organizations: Both formal markets and infrastructure in SSA put a premium on organizational innovation for agribusiness, especially in high value and cash crop subsectors, after the post–liberalization public sector retreated to play a more regulatory and facilitating role while agribusiness took over the value chain, leaving coordination to the processing industry, in some instances aided by NGOs.
Innovation in Fish and Livestock I: The Ugandan Fish Industry and the Ghanaian Poultry Industry The livestock market is similar to horticulture in that development is driven by high income elasticity of demand and growing domestic markets. Livestock, like horticulture, suffers similar perishability problems and carries potential health risks for consumers, thus necessitating quality assurance systems. Unlike horticulture, however, the livestock export market is highly restricted, and the domestic market is affected by “cheap” imports.
Although the Kenyan government disengaged from overall coordination in agriculture after market liberalization, it remained involved with developing regulations and standards. The Horticulture Crops Development Authority (HCDA) of Kenya initially traded vegetables, but eventually switched to a more facilitative function; it now VALUE CHAINS, INNOVATION, AND PUBLIC POLICIES IN AFRICAN AGRICULTURE 27 focuses solely on certification schemes (Webber 2007). Over the last decade, HCDA has developed a regulations scheme supported by enabling investments to make the horticulture sector more competitive.
Agribusiness and Innovation Systems in Africa by Kurt Larsen