By Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein
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Extra resources for African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements : The Strategy of Liberation
The second temptation is to become a religious celebrity or earthly cultural authority. Satan lurked Jesus into a self-performing and self-promoting show for him to aspire and become a religious celebrity and spiritual authority (Yancey 1995: 78). To be tempted to jump from the top of the temple and remain unharmed means to validate to the wider public that one is not just on top of the faith community, but also one’s spiritual–religious supremacy is endorsed by God. If Jesus would have allowed himself to jump from the temple top and become a religious celebrity and cultural authority, he would have become the most respected and authoritative figure above all the priests, Pharisees and scholars.
To worship Satan in exchange for the wielding of sovereign power over all the kingdoms of the world In line with the expositions that the powers have to become Satan’s essential instruments to enslave human lives, these three temptations should be seen as Satan’s scheme to arouse Jesus’ earthly lusts and egoistic desires to be the exemplified model of the fallen powers. The first temptation is the temptation of becoming a politician or bottom-up political force. It could be elaborated by the later miracle in feeding the five thousand by only five breads and two fish (Mark 6:30–43) (Yancey 1995: 73).
Bayart used this scenario to illustrate his reference to the African state: actors can opportunistically take advantage of a shared, deep-seated repertoire of discourses and practices from joining politics. Bayart (1993) delineated that the African state entails a localized sets of practices that actors utilize to satisfy everyday private desires. For example, the Cameroonian common saying, la politique du ventre (the politics of the belly), carries the meaning of ‘the goat eats where it is tethered’ which denotes that those in power all intend to eat up the state resources for their own bellies.
African Liberation Reader: Documents of the National Liberation Movements : The Strategy of Liberation by Aquino De Braganca, Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein