By Michael Scott-Baumann
This e-book explores and analyzes the historical past of clash within the heart East from British rule within the early 20th century to the Iraq warfare within the twenty-first century. The Arab-Israeli clash is the main target of this ebook however it additionally examines: Arab nationalism, particularly in Egypt and Syria; the Islamic revolution in Iran in 1979; the factors and outcomes of 3 wars concerning Iraq; the expansion of political Islam and Islamic fundamentalism within the heart East.
Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and information written by way of examiners give you the chance to improve examination abilities.
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In early 1967 there were many more raids and reprisals across the borders. Tension was particularly high on the Israeli–Syrian border: several of Israel’s military leaders were keen to provoke clashes with Syria so that they could retaliate forcefully and teach the Syrians a lesson. One particular incident illustrates this. On 7 April 1967 an Israeli tractor was ploughing land in the demilitarised zone. The Syrians opened ﬁre and the Israelis ﬁred back. The Syrians then started shelling other Israeli settlements in the area.
In front of a huge crowd, on 26 July, 1956, he announced that the Suez Canal was ‘our Canal’. ’ People of Egypt. We shall maintain our independence and sovereignty. The Suez Canal Company has become our property and the Egyptian ﬂag ﬂies over it. We shall defend it with our blood and strength, and we shall meet aggression with aggression and evil with evil. Nasser decided that Egypt would nationalise the Canal and Egyptians would run it themselves. They would use the proﬁts to build the Aswan Dam.
In concluding, you need to make a judgement about the extent to which it was the Arab refusal to accept the plan that led to increased conﬂict. 3 Arab–Israeli Wars in 1956, 1967 and 1973 POINTS TO CONSIDER When the state of Israel was created in 1948 it was immediately plunged into war with the surrounding Arab states. The new state survived its ﬁrst war but, over the next 25 years, there were to be three more major conﬂicts between Israel and its Arab neighbours. This chapter examines the causes and consequences of each of those wars.
Access to History. Crisis in the Middle East: Israel and the Arab States 1945-2007 by Michael Scott-Baumann