By Carroll Pursell
A better half to American know-how is a groundbreaking choice of unique essays that research the hard-to-define phenomenon of “technology” in the United States. 22 unique essays via professional students disguise an important positive factors of yankee expertise, together with advancements in vehicles, tv, and computingAnalyzes the ways that applied sciences are prepared, resembling within the engineering occupation, govt, drugs and agricultureIncludes discussions of the way applied sciences have interaction with race, gender, classification, and different organizing constructions in American society
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Extra info for A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to American History)
Colonists in the middle-Atlantic states, where the embayed coastal plain had abundant, easily mined bog ore and convenient access to shipping, quickly grasped this new economic opportunity. The Maryland legislature encouraged them with acts in 1719 that allowed ironmasters to acquire land by condemnation, and a 1721 law exempting ironworkers from highway labor. The next year, British investors financed construction of a blast furnace and finery for the Principio works, located near the head of Chesapeake Bay.
The American colonists, contrary to popular myth, were not self-sufficient. Instead, they relied on markets for necessities. Thus, McGaw found that while everyone had candles, few households had candle molds. Weaving equipment was present in less than 5 percent of homes, and woodworking tools were typically specialized. Cultural, Regional, and Ethnic Differences Regional differences in technologies chosen by the early colonists of the southwest, South, middle colonies, and New England arose in part not only from the particular natural resources available, but also from the different cultures and values of the European settlers.
THE AMERICAN INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION 39 While Chicago became the great metropolis of interior North America, railroads stimulated industry everywhere, particularly the iron and steel industry. Between 1800 and 1860, iron consumption increased fivefold and the rolling of rails was perfected. The most important technical innovation in the industry, however, was the adoption of the Bessemer-Kelley steel-making process that burned carbon out of molten iron by blowing highly pressurized cold air through it.
A Companion to American Technology (Blackwell Companions to American History) by Carroll Pursell