By Emile R. Mohler III, Alan T. Hirsch
One in each 20 americans over the age of fifty has peripheral artery affliction, or P.A.D., a sickness that is affecting the arteries open air the center. when you or an individual you recognize suffers from this painful and sometimes debilitating , this publication can provide aid and desire. a hundred Questions and solutions approximately Peripheral Artery sickness (P.A.D.) offers transparent, authoritative solutions to universal questions raised through sufferers and their households as they navigate the area of P.A.D. popular specialists Drs. Alan Hirsch and Emile Mohler, III have written an available and informative booklet for sufferers who are looking to comprehend their sickness extra basically. that includes information regarding universal indicators, the prognosis technique, cures, and probability components for comparable stipulations equivalent to atherosclerosis and claudication, this article is a useful assets for somebody dealing with the actual and emotional points of P.A.D.
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Additional resources for 100 Questions & Answers about Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD)
Who is at risk of PAD? As noted in Questions 2 through 4, PAD usually does not occur simply in response to aging. While age is a risk factor for PAD, artery blockage also occurs much more frequently and rapidly in individuals whose arteries are actively damaged by any of the following: • Exposure to tobacco in any form (whether smoked or chewed) • Diabetes (whether type I or type 2) • High blood pressure (blood pressures higher than 140/80 mm Hg in most people, or greater than 130/80 mm Hg in individuals with diabetes) • High blood cholesterol (usually defined as a total cholesterol greater than 200 mg/dL or a low-density lipoprotein [LDL] cholesterol level greater than 130 mg/dL) • High levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (sometimes abbreviated as hs-CRP) For more information on each of these risk factors, see Questions 43–49.
These simple tests are all that is required for more than 90% of individuals with PAD. Sometimes, as described in the following questions, more advanced ultrasound or imaging tests may be ordered (especially in people with more severe leg symptoms). Ankle-brachial index (ABI) test A noninvasive, safe, and inexpensive blood pressure test that compares the higher (systolic) blood pressures that are recorded at the arms and ankles. This test is usually required for all individuals with PAD. 32. What is an ankle-brachial index (ABI) test?
Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of lower extremity PAD. Figure 1 The arteries most commonly affected by PAD. The shaded region depicts where cholesterol build up tends to occur. QXP 8/19/09 7:31 PM Page 4 100 QUESTIONS & ANSWERS ABOUT PERIPHERAL ARTERY DISEASE Prior to 2000, many physicians would use the term “peripheral vascular disease” or “PVD” to describe the blockage in these leg arteries. Unfortunately, this term does not distinguish arteries from veins or lymphatic vessels, and thus it is confusing to both doctors and patients alike.
100 Questions & Answers about Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) by Emile R. Mohler III, Alan T. Hirsch